Class 1 Phonics (Guide)
Words are made up of just 44 sounds in English. You may have heard your child use particular words that form the core understanding of phonics. Here's a quick explanation of some of the key concepts.
- Phoneme - the smallest unit of sound as it is spoken. such as ‘a’
- Grapheme - a written symbol that represents a sound (phoneme) that's either one letter or a sequence of letters
- Digraph - two letters that work together to make the same sound (ch, sh, ph)
- Trigraph - three letters that work together to make the same sound (igh, ore, ear)
Digraph- Two letters which make one sound
A consonant digraph contains two consonants next to each other, but they make a single sound. e.g sh,ck,th,ll A vowel digraph contains at least one vowel but the two letters still make a single sound e.g. ai,ee,ar,oy
Examples of consonants digraphs
Examples of vowel digraphs
Sound buttons are circles or spots that can be written underneath a sound to support reading. When you touch the sound button you then practice saying the sound aloud.
Blending Recognizing the letter sounds in a written word, for example, c-u-p, and blending them in order which they are written, to read the word cup.
Trigraph- Three letters, which make one sound
Learning which letter makes which sound